The Skippers The Swallowtails The Whites and Sulphurs The Blues and Coppers The Gossamer-wings
Canadian Tiger Swallowtail - Papilio canadensis
[Canadian Tiger Swallowtail image]
Canadian Tiger Swallowtail - Apple River, NS - 2008-06-14
Photo © Kathleen F. Spicer
Status in Nova Scotia
Common throughout, sometimes abundant.

Flight Period
Late May to early July. Abundance peaks in mid-June (Ferguson).

Habitat
Edges of deciduous and mixed evergreen-deciduous forest, gardens.

Larval Foodplants
A variety of trees and shrubs including willow, cherry, poplar and ash.

Similar Species in Nova Scotia
None.

Notes
This is one of our largest and most easily-recognized butterflies. Because of its fondness for edge habitat, it can often be found patrolling up and down roadways. This species was split from the very similar Tiger Swallowtail Papilio glaucus (which does not occur in Nova Scotia) in 1991.

Canadian Tiger Swallowtail - Cape Breton Highlands NP, NS, 1995-06-24
Canadian Tiger Swallowtail - Cape Breton Highlands NP, NS - 1995-06-24
1995-06-24
Photo © Peter Payzant
Canadian Tiger Swallowtail - nr. Malagash Pt., NS, 2011-07-07
Canadian Tiger Swallowtail - nr. Malagash Pt., NS - 2011-07-07
2011-07-07
Photo © Phil Schappert
Canadian Tiger Swallowtail - Lower Sackville, NS, 2013-06-16
Canadian Tiger Swallowtail - Lower Sackville, NS - 2013-06-16
2013-06-16
Photo © Peter Payzant
Canadian Tiger Swallowtail - Elbow Lake, 2013-06-20
Canadian Tiger Swallowtail - Elbow Lake - 2013-06-20
2013-06-20
Photo © Phil Schappert
Canadian Tiger Swallowtail - Black River Lake, Kings Co., 2011-06-21
Canadian Tiger Swallowtail - Black River Lake, Kings Co. - 2011-06-21
2011-06-21
Photo © Mark Elderkin